The EU's trade commissioner has said the bloc "will stand up to the bullies" over protectionism, as tensions continue over US tariffs on imported steel and aluminium imposed by President Donald Trump.
Cecilia Malmström was speaking at a conference in Brussels, following discussions at the weekend with the US Trade Representative.
Those talks are to resume this week.
Ms Malmström said protectionism was being used as a weapon to threaten and intimidate them.
The EU says that its exports should be excluded from the measures.