A new report has revealed that while 86 per cent of Jamaicans perceived themselves to be in good or very good health, a quarter reported having at least one non-communicable disease (NCD) and 30.5 per cent had two or more.
Hypertension was the NCD reported by the largest proportion of individuals at 13.6 per cent and asthma was highest among nearly 14 per cent of children 5 to 9 years old.
According to the Jamaica Survey of Living Conditions, tabled this week in the House of Representatives, smoking was reported among 14.7 per cent of the 14 plus population.26 per cent of males smoked compared with 4.6 per cent of females.
Approximately 45.4 per cent of the population indicated they had Chikungunya during the 2014 outbreak.
People in the working age cohort, that is 15 to 64 years, recorded the highest percentages.
The survey also revealed that in 2016, 7.4 per cent of individuals reported experiencing illness or injury during a four-week reference period, continuing a trend of decline.
Nearly 75 per cent of those with illness or injury sought care with the majority going exclusively to private facilities.
Less than 20 per cent of the Jamaican population had health insurance but it was higher among those who were ill or injured and sought care. 27 per cent had insurance.
According to the Jamaica Survey of Living Conditions, this may have accounted partly for why most of this group sought care exclusively at private facilities.
The average amount spent per visit to private facilities was $1,919 while the average amount spent on medication was $3,524 .