China has said it will impose tariffs on $60 billion of US goods from June 1, extending a bilateral trade war.
The move comes three days after the US more than doubled tariffs on $200 billion of Chinese imports.
Earlier, US President Donald Trump denied that US consumers would pay for higher tariffs on Chinese imports and warned China not to follow suit.
But Beijing said it would not allow any arm to its interests.
China has raised tariffs on more than 5,000 US products, with the new rates ranging from five per cent to 25 per cent.
Items affected include beef, lamb and pork products, as well as various varieties of vegetables, fruit juice, cooking oil, tea and coffee.